The Platonic Solids

Platonic solids or Platonic polyhedra (named after the Greek philosopher and mathematician Plato) are those geometric solids which - apart from the sphere - show the highest degree of symmetry. More precisely: Platonic solids are convex polyhedra in which all faces are congruent regular polygons and the same number of faces meet at each vertex. There are exactly five Platonic solids:

At the top right of this app's control panel, you can select one of the Platonic solids. The position in the space can be set with the big button; depending on the setting, a vertex, the center of an edge or the center of a face will lie on the upward pointing z-axis (not drawn). The small buttons are used to rotate the solid or to stop the rotation. There are also three checkboxes in the lower part of the control panel. They enable the display of the circumscribed sphere (through all vertices of the polyhedron), the midsphere (through the midpoints of the edges) and the inscribed sphere, which touches all faces in their centers.

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